Help Documentation

Ribbon:
Commands outside the ribbon:
Appendixes:
Additional documentation:

Project Explorer

(PP_PROJECTEXPLORER)

Palette - list of all power line elements

Contains all power line elements:

Drawing name Default name is Drawing1 and it will be changed if user defines other name in saving option

Surfaces TIN surface models imported or created in the drawing

Context menu:

 o Add surface
   ▪ Create Surface From File (TIN;I)
   ▪ Create Surface From Points/Polylines (TIN)
   ▪ Create Surface By Placing Points (TIN;P)
   ▪ Create Surface From 3D Faces (TIN;F)
   ▪ Create Surface From Civil 3D Surface (TIN;C)
o All surfaces can be removed (PP_REMOVEALLSURFACES)
o Sub context menu:
List of surfaces is shown.
   ▪ Rename surface
   ▪ Zoom to the surface
   ▪ Remove surface

Powerlines –  the list of all power lines in the current drawing

Context menu:

o Add a new line (PP_DRAWPOWERLINE)
o Import coordinates from a file (PP_IMPORTPOWERLINECOORDINATES)
o All power lines can be removed (PP_REMOVEALLPOWERLINES)
o Sub context menu:
List of supports is shown.
   ▪ Edit power line (PP_EDITPOWERLINE)
   ▪ Zoom to the power line
   ▪ Add supports to the power line (PP_ADDSUPPORTS)
   ▪ Add conductors (PP_ADDCONDUCTORS)
   ▪ Add ground wires (PP_ADDGROUNDWIRES)
   ▪ Create power line profile (PP_CREATEPOWERLINEPROFILE)
   ▪ Create support report (PP_CREATESUPPORTSREPORT)
   ▪ Create sag-tension report (PP_CREATESAGTENSIONREPORT)
   ▪ Create powerline coordinates report (PP_CREATEPOWERLINECOORDINATES)
   ▪ Remove the power line (PP_REMOVEPOWERLINE)
   ▪ Sub context menu:
      • Edit support (PP_EDITSUPPORT)
      • Zoom to the support
      • Add/edit/remove insulators on support (PP_EDITINSULATORS)
      • Remove support (PP_REMOVESUPPORT)

Profiles – the list of all power line profiles

Context menu:

o Refresh all profile views (all changes made to the power line models will be applied to the
profile views) (
PP_REFRESHPROFILEVIEWS)
o Remove all profile views (PP_REMOVEALLPROFILES)
o Sub context menu:
   ▪ Zoom to the model
   ▪ Remove (PP_REMOVEPROFILE)

Data Models the list of all data models, including supports, insulators and cables

Context menu:

o Sub context menu (Supports):
   ▪ Add new model (PP_ADDSUPORTDATA)
   ▪ Sub context menu:
      • Edit support data (PP_EDITSUPPORTDATA)
      • Duplicate selected item to create new based on it (PP_DUPLICATESUPPORTDATA)
      • Remove item (note: default data cannot be removed, only user-defined)
(
PP_REMOVESUPPORTDATA)
o Sub context menu (Insulators):
   ▪ Add new model (PP_ADDINSULATORDATA)
   ▪ Sub context menu:
      • Edit insulator data (PP_EDITINSULATORDATA)
      • Duplicate selected item to create new based on it (PP_DUPLICATEINSULATORDATA)
      • Remove item (note: default data cannot be removed, only user-defined)
(
PP_REMOVEINSULATORDATA)
o Sub context menu (Cables):
   ▪ Add new model (PP_ADDCONDUCTORDATA)
   ▪ Export data to file (PP_EXPORTCONDUCTORDATA)
   ▪ Import data from file (PP_IMPORTCONDUCTORDATA)
   ▪ Sub context menu:
      • Edit conductor data (PP_EDITCONDUCTORDATA)
      • Duplicate selected item to create new based on it (PP_DUPLICATECONDUCTORDATA)
      • Remove item (note: default data cannot be removed, only user-defined) (PP_REMOVECONDUCTORDATA)

Weather Conditions –  the list of weather conditions containing information regarding wind and ice load

Context menu:

o Add a new model (PP_ADDWEATHERCONDITIONS)
o Remove all unused models (note: default model will not be removed)
(
PP_REMOVEUNUSEDWEATHERCONDITIONS)
o Sub context menu:
   ▪ Edit model (PP_EDITWEATHERCONDITIONS)
   ▪ Duplicate selected item to create new based on it (PP_DUPLICATEWEATHERCONDITIONS)
   ▪ Remove item (note: default data cannot be removed, only user-defined)
(
PP_REMOVEWEATHERCONDITION)

Referent Conditions –  list of all referent conditions containing information regarding base temperature, tensile stress
used in calculations and whether ice ocurrs

Context menu:

o Add a new model (PP_ADDREFERENTCONDITIONS)
o Remove all unused models (note: default model will not be removed) (PP_REMOVEUNUSEDREFERENTCONDITIONS)
o Sub context menu:
   ▪ Edit model (PP_EDITREFERENTCONDITIONS)
   ▪ Duplicate selected item to create new based on it (PP_DUPLICATEREFERENTCONDITIONS)
   ▪ Remove item (note: default data cannot be removed, only user-defined) (PP_REMOVEREFERENTCONDITIONS)

Project Explorer 1-2
Project Explorer 3
Project Explorer 4
Project Explorer 5
Project Explorer 6-7

Create Surface From File

(TIN;I)

Creates TIN surface from file data

To create Surface from a file, following conditions must be met:

  • .csv file or .txt file must be used like data points file for import. Microsoft Excel™ file can be used also, but it must be saved as .csv file. Note: some regional settings might interface with decimal separator, use .txt editors to check the decimal separator.
  • Values must be separated by either “,”.
    File should only contain X, Y and Z coordinates. Decimal values must be separated by “.”. Empty space will be disregarded. Empty lines and column are not allowed.
  • Examples of files for importing:

Create Surface From Points/Polylines

(TIN)

Creates TIN surface from drawing entities

– Open the drawing file (.dwg) that contains a set of points and/or 2D/3D polylines entities.
– Select entities to create surface and surface will be created.

Create Surface By Placing Points

(TIN;P)

Creates TIN surface by placing points in drawing

– Pick points in drawing to start with creating a surface.
– Specify the elevation value of each those points.
– At least three points are needed for creating surface.

Create Surface From 3D Faces

(TIN;F)

Creates TIN surface from 3D faces

– Open the drawing file that contains 3D faces or draw 3D faces using command 3DFACE.
– 3DFACE command will create three-sided or four-sided objects in drawing.
– Select 3D face entities to create surface.
– In addition, user will get option to add 3D faces as a surface breaklines (Yes – means to add edges of the 3D faces as breaklines, No – means that surface will be created only with points of 3D faces).

Create Surface From Civil 3D Surface

(TIN;C)

Creates TIN surface from civil 3D surface model

– Open the drawing file (.dwg) that contains Civil 3D surface models.
– Select Civil 3D surface to create surface.
Assign Image

(TINASSIGNIMAGE)

Assigns raster image to the surface as a material

– If the drawing contains surface and image, the image can be assigned to the surface.
– After selecting surface, select raster image and image will be assigned on top of surface.
– Note: if the image is not shown on the surface, change Visual Style in Properties dialog of the surface to Realistic and set On surface triangles.
Edit Surface

(TINEDIT)

Edits surface

In command will be shown options:

  • Add Points – for adding points to surface,
  • Add Breaklines – for adding breaklines to surface,
  • Add Boundaries – for adding boundaries to surface,
  • Remove Points – for removing points from surface,
  • Remove Breaklines – removing breaklines from surface,
  • Remove Boundaries – removing boundaries from surface.
Import LandXML

(LANDXMLIMPORT)

Imports Land XML file

– This option allows user to import in drawing Land XML and create surface from that file.
– Import in the drawing LandXML (.xml) file and surface will be created from that file.
Import Civil 3D

(CIVIL3DIMPORT)

Imports Civil 3D surface models from .dwg file

– This option allows user to import Civil 3D surface models from .dwg file and create surface.
– Import in the drawing .dwg file that contains Civil 3D surface models. And command will create surfaces from that models.
Rename Surface

(PP_RENAMESURFACE)

Renames selected surface

– Select surface which name should be changed.
– Type another name of surface.

Draw Power Line

(PP_DRAWPOWERLINE) :

Draws new power line by picking the positions of tension supports

 Options:
Power line name: unique name of the power line
Station: first support station
Note: the number should be entered as 1234.56 (1+234.56 not supported)
Support name prefix: a string which each support name starts with. It can be empty.
Support counter starting value: number of the first support, if it is left empty 0 is assumed.
Tension support model: support data model which will be used while drawing power line. The
value is, also, set as default one for initial value in Add Supports Dialog.
Weather and referent conditions: models used for power line calculations. By default, chosen
models will be used when addition conductors or ground wires.
Drape on existing surface checkbox: if checked user can choose a surface which the power line will
be draped upon. If no surfaces are loaded into drawing the checkbox will be disabled.
Pick a surface button: enable user to pick a surface in the drawing.
Draw button: prompts user to draw the power line. The model is drawn by picking support position
one by one.
Cancel button: cancels the command.

Import Power Line

(PP_IMPORTPOWERLINECOORDINATES) :

Imports and creates new power line from XYZ coordinates

 Options:
Power line name: unique name of the power line
Station: first support station Note: the number should be entered as 1234.56 (1+234.56 not supported)
Support name prefix: a string which each support name starts with. It can be empty.
Support counter starting value: number of the first support, if it is left empty 0 is assumed.
Tension support model: support data model which will be used for tension supports. The value is, also, set as default one for initial value in Add Supports Dialog.
Suspension support model: support data model which will be used for suspension supports.
The value is, also, set as default one for initial value in Add Supports Dialog.
Weather and referent conditions: models used for power line calculations. By default,
chosen models will be used when adding conductors or ground wires.
Drape on existing surface checkbox: if checked user can choose a surface which the power line will be draped upon. If no surfaces are loaded into drawing the checkbox will be
disabled.
Import file: a .txt or .csv file which the support positions will be imported from. More about this file see here: Appendix 1:
Import coordinates file.
Import button: Draws the power line based on the imported coordinates. Shows an error message if the file was corrupted.
Cancel button: cancels the command.

Import Power Line
Import Power Line - warning
Edit Power Line

(PP_EDITPOWERLINE)

Edits power line properties

 Options:
Power line name: unique name of the power line
Station: first support station Note: the number should be entered as 1234.56 (1+234.56 not supported)
Support name prefix: a string which each support name starts with. It can be empty.
Support counter starting value: number of the first support, if it is left empty 0 is assumed.
Apply to all supports checkbox: if it is checked all support models will be replaced by the chosen tension and suspension support data models which will result in all insulators and catenaries added on the existing supports to be removed. If it is left unchecked only the default values in Add Supports Dialog will be changed.
Tension support model: support data model which will be used for tension supports. The value is, also, set as default one for initial value in Add Supports Dialog.
Suspension support model: support data model which will be used for suspension supports. The value is, also, set as default one for initial value in Add Supports Dialog.
Weather and referent conditions: models used for power line calculations. By default, chosen models will be used when adding conductors or ground wires.
Drape on existing surface checkbox: if checked user can choose a surface which the power line will be draped upon. If no surfaces are loaded into drawing the checkbox will be disabled.
OK button: applies changes.
Cancel button: cancels the command.

Edit Power Line
Remove Power Line

(PP_REMOVEPOWERLINE)

Removes power line

Removes selected power line.

Add Support

(PP_ADDSUPPORTS) :

Adds new tension or suspension supports

 Options:
Power line name: read-only.
Type: either suspension or tension. Based on the support type chosen data models fill be
populated.
Data model: Tension or suspension data models. Which model will be by default selected
depends on the power line properties (see
Edit Power Line).
(Note: user can dynamically switch between types and models)
OK button: supports are added in real-time. This button only confirms user choses.
Cancel button: revokes all changes to the previous state.

Add Support
Edit Support

(PP_EDITSUPPORT)

Edits support properties

Options:
Power line name: read-only.
Type: tension or suspension. Cannot be modified.
Data Model: Depending on the support type a list of available models is populated.
Position X: x-coordinate of the support. Can be modified only for the tension supports.
Position Y: y-coordinate of the support. Can be modified only for the tension supports.
Position Z: z-coordinate of the support. Can be modified for the tension and suspension supports.
Station: support station. Can be modified only for the suspension supports.
Button Station: a position in the drawing can be dynamically picked.
Angle: angle between support orientation and x-axis. This position is greyed out unless the Manually set angle
checkbox is checked.
Button Angle: user can pick support orientation by rotating it around z-axis.
Manually set angle checkbox: if checked, user can manually change support orientation, either by clicking on the Button Angle or by typing. 

Edit Support
Move Support

(PP_MOVESUPPORT)

Moves suspension support

Suspension supports can be moved along the power line. To move tension supports select power line and move the grip points. All supports can be moved by holding and moving grip points of the 3D models.

Rotate Support

(PP_ROTATESUPPORT)

Rotates support

Rotate support by dragging mouse on the screen. Note: this command is enabled only on the support models which have “Manually set angle” checkbox checked (See: Edit Support).

Remove Support

(PP_REMOVESUPPORT)

Removes support

User can select a support to be removed. Note: when tension support is removed all suspension support on either side will be removed as well as all conductors and ground wires attached on the removed support.

Add Insulator

(PP_ADDINSULATOR) :

Adds a new insulator to an existing support

Options:
– Support name: read-only.
– Attachment point name: read-only.
– Insulator type: Based on the support and attachment point types it can be one of the following – Strain – for tension support and left/right attachment point, Suspension – for suspension support and central attachment point, Pin – for tension support and central attachment point or suspension support and central attachment point, Clamp – for ground wire attachment point.
– Insulator data model: name of the data model.
– Apply to all supports of the same data model checkbox: if checked selected insulator will be added to all support of the same type (note: if there are more power lines using the support model changes will be applied to them).

Add Insulator
Edit Insulator

(PP_EDITINSULATORS)

Edits, adds or removes insulators from a support

Options:
Support name: read-only.
Data model: read-only.
Insulators grid:
   o No.: attachment point’s number in the table, read-only.
   o Attachment Point: name of the attachment point. Note: tension attachment points have two points, e.g. there are two AP1 points. Read-only field.
   o Phase/Ground wire: attachment points can be used for either phase conductors or ground wires. Read-only field.
   o Orientation: attachment points orientation can be one of the following: back, front, center, and ground wire. Tension attachment points have two points, one with front and the other with back orientation. Only strain insulators can be attached on them. Center orientation is used for suspension or pin insulators, and ground wire orientation is for ground wires only. For more details refer to Appendix 2: Attachment Points. Read-only field.
   o Insulator: name of the insulator model attached to the attachment point. If no insulator is chosen “None” is displayed. To add an insulator, select one of
the options in the dropdown list. To remove attached insulator, select “None” from the dropdown. Note: based on the attachment point orientation different insulator models will be shown in the dropdown list.
Apply to all supports of the same data model checkbox: if it is checked all changes made in the grid will be applied to all supports in the drawing with the same model listed in the “Data Model” field (Note: if there are more power lines in the current drawing, changes will be made for all of them).
Button Pick an attachment point: closes the dialog and zooms to the support. All attachment points will be visible in 3D view. Selected attachment point will be
highlighted in the grid. This button is only optional and is not needed to be used to fill the grid.
Button OK: applies the changes.
Button Cancel: cancels the command.

Edit Insulator
Remove Insulator

(PP_REMOVEINSULATOR)

Removes an insulator from a support

Insulators can be removed from the support in two ways: in the Edit Insulators grid by opting for “None” in the dropdown list, or by “Remove Insulator” command. With this command selected insulator will be removed. In addition, user is prompted to choose whether the insulator will be removed from all supports with the same data model.
When an insulator is removed conductors attached on it will be, also, removed.

Remove Insulator

Add Conductor

(PP_ADDCONDUCTORS)

Adds new conductors to the power line

 Options:
Powerline: power line name, read-only.
Name: conductor name, it does not need to be unique.
Conductor Model: a list of conductor data models.
From Support: name of the first tension support the conductor will be attached to.
To Support: name of the last tension support the conductor will be attached to.
Attachment Points: a list on attachment point names where the conductor can be attached to.
Note: only paired attachment points will be shown, e.g. if Support_101 has the attachment point named “AP1” all supports between it and Support_107 must have attachment points
named “AP1”. For more details refer to
Appendix 2: Attachment Points.
Weather and referent conditions: weather and referent conditions models used to calculate catenaries parameters. By default, models chosen in the draw/edit power line will be used.
Button OK: Applies changes and adds the conductors.
Button Cancel: cancels the command.

Add Conductor

Add Ground Wire

(PP_ADDGROUNDWIRES)

Adds new ground wires to the power line

 Note: The command is the same as Add Conductors. Refer to Add Conductors for more information.

Edit Conductor

(PP_EDITCONDUCTORS)

Edits existing conductors on the power line

 Options:
Powerline: power line name, read-only.
Name: conductor name, it does not need to be unique.
Conductor Model: a list of conductor data models.
From Support: name of the first tension support the conductor will be attached to. Cannot be changed.
To Support: name of the last tension support the conductor will be attached to. Cannot be
changed.
Attachment Points: a list of attachment point names where the conductor can be attached to.
Note: only paired attachment points will be shown, e.g. if Support_101 has the attachment
point named “AP1” all supports between it and Support_107 must have attachment points
named “AP1”. For more details refer to
Appendix 2: Attachment Points. Cannot be changed.
Weather and referent conditions: weather and referent conditions models used to calculate catenaries parameters. By default, models chosen in the draw/edit power line will be used.
Button OK: Applies changes. Conductor model will be modified accordingly.
Button Cancel: cancels the command.

Edit Conductor
Edit Ground Wire

(PP_EDITGROUNDWIRES)

Edits existing ground wires on the power line

 Note: The command is the same as Edit Conductors. Refer to Edit Conductors for more information.

Remove Conductor

(PP_REMOVECATENARIES)

Removes selected catenary

Create Power Line Profile

(PP_CREATEPOWERLINEPROFILE)

Generates power line profile for a power line

 TAB – General
Options:
– Name: unique value.
– Power line name: read-only.
– From support: support which the profile will be created from.
– To support: support which the profile will be created to.
– Conductors: read-only list of conductors between selected supports.

Profile - general

 TAB – Preferences
Options:
– Horizontal scale: 1:1 – length in plan view is the same as in the profile view. 1:2 – length in profile view is a half the size of the plan view. 2:1 – length in profile view is double the size
in the plan view.
– Vertical scale: 1:1 – height in profile view is the same as in 3D view. 1:2 – height in profile view is a half the size of the 3D view. 2:1 – height in profile view is double the size in the 3D view.
– Show left/right terrain profile checkbox: if checked left and right offset terrain will be visible on profile view (default
color for left offset is orange, for right offset is blue observed in direction of increasing station).
– Offset of left/right terrain profile: User can define value for left/right profile offset.

Profile - preferences

 TAB – Rubrics
 Options:
– List of available rubrics: STATION – support station number. TERRAIN ELEVATION – height of the terrain
points. SPAN – distance between two adjacent
supports. TENSION SECTION – distance between two tension supports. CONDUCTOR – name of the conductor model, for each phase in tension section. GROUND WIRE – name of the ground wire, for each wire in tension section.
– Visible checkbox: if checked selected rubric will be visible.
– Name: it does not need to be unique.
– Rubric height: in CAD units.
– Text style: list of all text styles defined in CAD – call STYLE to access text styles.


Profile - rubrics

 TAB – Additional Annotations
 Options:
– Support annotation list: Number – support number starting by the value defined in Edit Power Line dialog. Name – support prefix and number combined. Model – support data model name. Height – support model
height. Type – tension or suspension.
– Visible checkbox: if checked selected support annotation will be visible in the profile view.
– Text style: list of all text styles defined in CAD – call STYLE to access text styles.
– Catenary annotations: Lowest point marker – defines the lowest point in the catenary. Max sag marker – defines
the maximum catenary sag. Choose “Hide” to hide the marker, “Show” to draw a marker, “Show with value” to draw a marker and its value.


Profile - annotations

Refresh profile views

(PP_REFRESHPROFILEVIEWS)

Redraws profile views with updated values

 All profile views will be updated.

Add Support Data

(PP_ADDSUPPORTDATA)

Adds new support data model

Options:
Name: unique name.
Type: tension or suspension.
Height: height of the model, above ground. It must be a
positive value greater than 0.
3D model: System generated – based on the height and
attachment points input a 3D polyline will be generated.
Custom value – model is imported from a file.
Drawing (.dwg) file: a path to the .dwg file with the 3D model. Enabled only when “Custom value” is selected in the Solid dropdown list. More about 3D model properties in Appendix 3: Solid Models and Symbols.
Plan symbol: System generated – a default symbol will be loaded. Custom value – symbol is loaded from a file.
Drawing (.dwg) file: a path to the .dwg file with the 2D symbol. Enabled only when “Custom value” is selected in the Symbol
dropdown list. More about 3D model properties in
Appendix 3: Solid Models and Symbols.
Attachment Points (For more details refer to Appendix 2: Attachment Points):
   o Name: Attachment point unique (for this model)
name. This value will be used in Add
Conductors/Ground Wires and Edit Insulators commands. Recommended values are AP1(2, 3, …).
   o Type: Tension – used for tension supports only, Central and Ground Wire. If Ground Wire is selected the attachment point will be used for ground wires.
   o dX – offset from the center of the support in the direction of local X-axis.
   o dY – offset from the center of the support in the direction of local Y-axis.
   o dZ – offset from the top of the support.
Button Add: Opens the dialog for adding an attachment point. When a tension support model is being created each tension attachment point will consist of two
points. For example, if an attachment point is at point (0.5, 0.0, 1.5) its counterpart will be automatically added (-0.5, 0.0, 1.5). Note: only one point will be listed in the grid.

Button Edit: Edits existing attachment point.
Button Remove: removes selected attachment point (in the grid). If a tension attachment point type is selected both points will be removed.

Add Support Data
Attachment Points

Edit Support Data

(PP_EDITSUPPORTDATA)

Edits existing support data model

(Note: refer to Add Support Data for more details)
Default data models cannot be edited, only user-defined models.
Support type cannot be edited.

Add Insulator Data

(PP_ADDINSULATORDATA)

Adds new insulator data model

 Options:
Name: unique value.
Type: Insulator model can be one of the following types:
strain – for the tension supports, suspension – for the suspension supports, pin – for both suspension and tension supports, and clamp – special kind, for ground wires on both
support types.
Length: distance between two ends of the insulator models.
Weight: physical weight of the model.
Wind area: cross section area used for wind load calculations
on insulators.
3D model: System generated – model will be automatically generated based on its properties. 3D polyline is modelled.
Custom value – 3D model will be imported from the file.
Drawing (.dwg) file: path to the 3D model. Enabled only when “Custom
value” is selected.
Button OK: generates the model and adds it to the model list.
Button Cancel: cancels the command.

Add Insulator Data

Edit Insulator Data

(PP_EDITINSULATORDATA)

Edits existing insulator data model

 (Note: refer to Add Insulator Data for more details)
Default data models cannot be edited, only user-defined models.
Insulator type cannot be edited.

Add Conductor Data

(PP_ADDCONDUCTORDATA)

Adds new conductor data model

 Options:
– Name: unique value.
– Cross section: total conductor cross section.
– Diameter: equivalent conductor diameter.
– Specific weight: depending on the unit settings, either conductor weight per length divided by cross section or
conductor weight per length.
– Elastic modulus: Young’s modulus of elasticity, measure of material’s stiffness, σ=ε·E
– Temperature coefficient: Coefficient of linear expansion per °C.
– Nominal tensile stress: Breaking load divided by cross section.
– Button OK: creates a new model based on the input.
– Button Cancel: cancels the command


Add Conductor Data

Edit Conductor Data

(PP_EDITCONDUCTORDATA)

Edits existing conductor data model

 (Note: refer to Add Conductor Data for more details)
Default data models cannot be edited, only user-defined models

Import Conductor Data

(PP_IMPORTCONDUCTORDATA)

Imports conductor data from a file

Browse for .xml file containing the data.
Note: all data names must be unique, if some names overlap with the existing ones following
popup will appear:
   – The name of the duplicate conductor will be displayed.
   – To overwrite model, choose “Yes”, to skip the model choose “No”.
   – To apply the same answer for the forthcoming popups choose either “Yes All” or “No All”.
When the import is finished a popup with the number of models imported will appear.
If the file which the data will be imported from has not been made by Power Path Export command, refer to
Appendix 4: Import/Export data.

Import Conductor Data - 1
Import Conductor Data - 2

Export Conductor Data

(PP_EXPORTCONDUCTORDATA)

Exports conductor data to a file

 Choose a folder where the file will be saved and type the name of the file. A file can be overwritten.
Note: only user-defined data will be exported, default models will be skipped. If there is no user-defined data, created file will be empty.

Add Weather Conditions

(PP_ADDWEATHERCONDITIONS)

Adds a new weather conditions model

 Options:
– Name: unique value.
– Temperature: value which will be used in the calculations.
– Ice coefficient: value which will be used in the calculation.
– Ice load occurs at this weather condition check: if checked conductors will be modelled with ice
load.
– Wind pressure: if a value greater than zero is entered conductors will be modelled with additional wind load.
– Wind direction: direction of the wind, can be either left or right.
– Button Add: creates new weather conditions model.
– Button Cancel: cancels the command.

Add Weather Conditions

Edit Weather Conditions

(PP_EDITWEATHERCONDITIONS)

Edits existing weather conditions

 (Note: refer to Add Weather Conditions for more details)
Default weather conditions name cannot be edited. All other properties can be modified.

Add Referent Conditions

(PP_ADDREFERENTCONDITIONS)

Adds a new referent conditions model

 Options:
– Name: unique value.
– Temperature: Based on Critical Span – calculations will be based on critical span. Custom value –
base temperature will be used in calculations.
– Tensile stress: Conductor nominal tensile stress – nominal tensile stress will be used in the calculations. Custom value – custom value will be used in the calculations.
– Ice occurs in this referent condition checkbox: disabled unless Custom value for Temperature is
used. If checked ice load will be used in the calculations regardless of the temperature input.
– Button Add: creates new referent conditions model.
– Button Cancel: cancels the command.

Add Referent Conditions

Edit Referent Conditions

(PP_EDITREFERENTCONDITIONS)

Edits existing referent conditions model

 (Note: refer to Add Referent Conditions for more details)
Default referent conditions name cannot be edited. All other properties can be modified.

Create Sag-Tension Report

(PP_CREATESAGTENSIONREPORT)

Prints sag-tension report of the power line

 Options:
– Powerline: power line name, read-only value.
– From Support: name of the first tension support which the report will be printed from.
– To Support: name of the last tension support which the report will be printed to.
– Create for all conductors checkbox: if checked the report will be generated for all conductors
between From Support and To Support.
– Conductor: name of the conductor the report will be printed for.
– From: starting value in the temperature range
– To: end value in the temperature range.
– Step: temperature increment.
– Template: General – general layout.
– Save As: Plain Text – .txt format. Excel Workbook – Microsoft Excel™ format.
– Open report checkbox: if checked report will be opened in the default application.
– Button OK: prints the report.
– Button Cancel: cancels the command.

SAG Report

Create Support Report

(PP_CREATESUPPORTSREPORT)

Prints support report of the power line

 Options:
– Powerline: power line name, read-only.
– Print for all supports checkbox: if checked report will be generated for all supports in the power line, otherwise user should pick a support from the list.
– Template: General – general layout.
– Save As: Plain Text – .txt format. Excel Workbook – Microsoft Excel™ format.
– Open report checkbox: if checked report will be opened in the default application.
– Button OK: prints the report.
– Button Cancel: cancels the command.

Support Report

Create Powerline Coordinates Report

(PP_CREATEPOWERLINECOORDINATESREPORT)

Prints power line coordinates report

 Option:
– Powerline: power line name, read-only.
– Print for all supports checkbox: if checked report will be generated for all supports in the power line, otherwise user should pick a support from the list.
– Coordinates precision
: user should select the coordinates precision (number of the decimal place value).
– Template: General – general layout.
– Save As: Plain Text – .txt format. Excel Workbook – Microsoft Excel™ format.
– Open report checkbox: if checked report will be opened in the default application.
– Button OK: print the report.
– Button Cancel: cancels the command.

PL Cooridnates Report

IFC Export

(PP_IFCEXPORT)

Exports BIM models to IFC format

 Option:
– Powerlines: user can choose which powerline to export or to export all powerlines by checking that option.
– Surfaces: user can choose which surface to export or to export all surfaces by checking that option.
– IFC certification: user can choose between IFC2x3 or IFC4.1 file format.
– Open IFC file checkbox: if checked .ifc file will be opened in the default application.
– Button OK: export .ifc file.
– Button Cancel: cancels the command.
Note: If you getting message in command line “unable to recognize command” or “PP_IFCEXPORTFAILED”, check which package of the Power Path you have. BIM commands are available in Power Path BIM package.

IFC Export

IFC Import

(PP_IFCIMPORT)

Imports IFC models

Import IFC models to the drawing by selecting .ifc file.

Note: If you don’t have option to choose IFC file (*.ifc) in Files of type, check which package of the Power Path you have. BIM commands are available in Power Path BIM
package.

IFC Import

Power Path Settings

(PP_SETTINGS)

Opens settings dialog

 TAB – General
Options:
– Language: display language. Application needs to be
restarted when the language has been changed. Currently,
only English version of software solution is available.
– Show conductor in 3D view as: Polyline – catenaries will be
rendered as 3D polylines. Recommended settings for better
performance. Solid – catenaries will be rendered as 3D solid. Graphically more demanding.
– Show conductor blowout: if “Yes” option is selected conductors will be shown in the plan view.
– Save as default: settings will be saved and applied to every drawing.

 TAB – Units
Options:
– Cross section: total conductor cross
section.
– Diameter: equivalent conductor
diameter.
– Specific weight: depending on the unit settings, either conductor weight per length divided by cross section or
conductor weight per length.
– Elastic modulus: Young’s modulus of elasticity, measure of material’s stiffness, σ=ε·E.
– Tensile stress: Breaking load divided by cross section.
– Wind pressure: wind load pressure.
– Wind velocity: wind speed.
– Temperature: used in conductor
temperature coefficient and weather
conditions.
– Insulator weight: physical weight of the model.
– Insulator wind area: cross section area used for wind load calculations on
insulators.
– Force: used in multiple calculations.
– Linear unit precision: number of decimal digits.
– Angular unit precision: number of decimal digits.
– Linear units: units for length, height, etc.
– Angular units: angle representation.
(Note: drawing units and precision are defined in CAD settings)

Settings - general
Settings - Units
Help

(PP_HELP)

Opens help documentation

Help command opens webpage with a detailed description of all commands in the software solution.

About

(PP_ABOUT)

Opens dialog that contains software information

Help command opens webpage with a detailed description of all commands in the software solution.

About

Commands outside the ribbon

Commands that are inaccessible from the ribbon but can be invoked from the project explorer.

Remove all surfaces

(PP_REMOVEALLSURFACES)
Removes all surfaces in the drawing.

Remove all power lines

(PP_REMOVEALLPOWERLINES)
Removes all power lines in the drawing.

Duplicate support data model

(PP_DUPLICATESUPPORTDATA)
Creates a duplicate data model from the selected one.

Remove support data model

(PP_REMOVESUPPORTDATA)
Removes selected data model.
Default data models and models used in the drawing cannot be removed.

Duplicate insulator data model

(PP_DUPLICATEINSULATORDATA)
Creates a duplicate data model from the selected one.

Remove insulator data model

(PP_REMOVEINSULATORDATA)
Removes selected data model.
Default data models and models used in the drawing cannot be removed.

Duplicate conductor data model

(PP_DUPLICATECONDUCTORDATA)
Creates a duplicate data model from the selected one.

Remove conductor data model

(PP_REMOVECONDUCTORDATA)
Removes selected data model.
Default data models and models used in the drawing cannot be removed.

Duplicate weather conditions model

(PP_DUPLICATEWEATHERCONDITIONS)
Creates a duplicate data model from the selected one.

Remove weather conditions model

(PP_REMOVEWEATHERCONDITIONS)
Removes selected data model.
Default data models and models used in the drawing cannot be removed.

Remove unused weather conditions models

(PP_REMOVEUNUSEDWEATHERCONDITIONS)
Removes all unused models.

Duplicate referent conditions model

(PP_DUPLICATEREFERENTCONDITIONS)
Creates a duplicate data model from the selected one.

Remove referent conditions model

(PP_REMOVEREFERENTCONDITIONS)
Removes selected data model.
Default data models and models used in the drawing cannot be removed.

Remove unused referent conditions models

(PP_REMOVEUNUSEDREFERENTCONDITIONS)
Removes all unused models.

Remove all profiles

(PP_REMOVEALLPROFILES)
Removes all profile views.

Remove profile

(PP_REMOVEPROFILE)
Removes selected profile view.

Appendix 1: Import coordinates file

 To import power line coordinates from a file, following conditions must be met:
– Plain .txt file, or .csv file must be used.

– Excel file can be used, but it must be saved as .csv file. Note: some regional settings might interfere with decimal separator, use .txt editors to check the decimal
separator.
– Each line should start with either T or S (T – Tension Support, S – Suspension Support). The first and the last support must be tension.
– Values must be separated by  “,”.
– Following support type there should be three dimensions: X, Y and Z.
– Decimal values must be separated by “.”, i.e. 123.45 is correct format, 123,45 will be denoted as two coordinates, 123 for the first coordinate, 45 for the second, if
relevant.
– Empty space “ “ will be disregarded.
– No empty lines allowed:
T;6589979.487;4749568.185;1432.88
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
S;6590067.630;4749697.859;1437.19
– No column headers allowed. File should only contain lines with support type and X,Y,Z coordinates.
Correct text input:
T;6589979.487;4749568.185;1432.88
S;6590067.630;4749697.859;1437.19
T;6590161.571;4749836.065;1441.91
S;6590223.038;4750006.159;1456.41
S;6590290.141;4750191.848;1474.38
T;6590335.400;4750317.090;1487.51

Appendix 2: Attachment Points

Attachment points are points on support where the conductor can be attached. Usually, they are placed on consoles.
When defining attachment point one should refer to the support’s local coordinate system: Z-axis is defined at support’s centreline, Y-axis is defined at consoles length and
X-axis is defined at support front face.

Appendix 2

 Attachment point can have one of the following orientations:
– Central
– Front
– Back
– Ground wire
Ground wire orientation is reserved for ground wires, only. Attachment points with ground wire orientation can be placed at any support type. Top elevation is recommended as a placement.
Central orientation can be used for both tension and suspension supports, where for tension supports only pin insulators can be attached, and for suspension supports either pin or suspension insulators can be attached.

Attachment points with front and back orientation are paired. Tension supports can hold strain insulators only if both attachment points are defined. When defining these
attachment points front orientations should be defined in the positive direction of x-axis, whereas back should hold negative x-coordinate. When choosing type of
attachment point “Tension” is reserved for front/back orientation.
To successfully add conductor or ground wire to the attachment points between two supports their names must be equal. For example, if the first tension support in a tension section has an attachment point named “AP1” all supports between said tension support and the last tension support (including it) in the tension suction must have
an attachment point named “AP1”.

Appendix 3: Solid Models and Symbols

 To add a custom 3D solid model certain rules must be met:
Support models:
   o Model must be defined in a separate .dwg file
   o .dwg file should not have any other object in it (blocks, layers, entities), otherwise they will be imported as well.
   o Model should not be saved as a block. If a block is imported from a different file explode it.
   o Model should be placed on layer 0.
   o Units should be meters. If different units are used, they will be denoted as meters.
   o Support centerline should be placed in the absolute zero (@0,0,0)
   o If a foundation is modelled it should be placed in negative z-coordinates.
   o Support consoles should follow y-axis.
   o Support front side should follow x-axis.
Insulator models:
  o Model must be defined in a separate .dwg file
  o .dwg file should not have any other object in it (blocks, layers, entities), otherwise they will be imported as well.
  o Model should not be saved as a block. If a block is imported from a different file explode it.
  o Model should be placed on layer 0.
  o Units should be meters. If different units are used, they will be denoted as meters.
  o Insulator centerline should be placed in absolute zero (@0,0,0).
  o Symmetry line should follow x-axis.
  o Origin should be the point where the insulator would be attached to the support.
  o Insulator should be rotated so conductor direction follow z-axis.

Appendix 4: Import/Export data

 If the import file is not created via Export command it should meet the following rules:
– File extension must be .xml
– First line in the file should be
<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”utf-8″ standalone=”yes”?>,
– Parent node name must be ConductorData,
– Each child node name must be Conductor,
– Each child has the following attributes:
o name
o crossSection
o diameter
o specificWeight
o modE
o expCoef
o nominalTensileStress
– decimal separator is “.”
Example:
<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”utf-8″ standalone=”yes”?>
<ConductorData>
<Conductor
name=”Al/Ce 490/65(1)”
crossSection=”553.89999999999998″
diameter=”30.600000000000001″
specificWeight=”0.029999999999999999″
modE=”70000″
expCoef=”1.9300000000000002e-05″
nominalTensileStress=”78.450000000000003″ />
<Conductor
name=”Al/Ce 6:1 3×95/15 mm2(1)”
crossSection=”109.7″
diameter=”13.6″
specificWeight=”0.029999999999999999″
modE=”77000″
expCoef=”1.8900000000000002e-05″
nominalTensileStress=”90″ />
<Conductor

49
name=”CIII 1×35 mm2(1)”
crossSection=”34.399999999999999″
diameter=”7.5″
specificWeight=”0.029999999999999999″
modE=”77000″
expCoef=”1.8900000000000002e-05″
nominalTensileStress=”220″ />
</ConductorData>

Appendix 5: CAD commands for 2D drafting, 3D and BIM modeling

Power Path™ is powered by BricsCAD™ and solution contains functionalities for 2D design, 3D and BIM modeling. All of that functions user can find on other ribbons.
Power Path Pro software package contains ribbons for 2D drafting and 3D modeling.
2D drafting ribbons:


Appendix 5 - 1

 3D modeling ribbons:

Appendix 5 - 2
Appendix 5 - 3

 Power Path BIM software package contains all previous ribbons and additional BIM ribbons:

Appendix 5 - 4

Examples and additional explanations for (1) Sag - Tension Report, (2) Support Report and (3) Power Line Coordinates Report

(1) Sag – Tension Report, example:

Picture 1.1: Sag – Tension report saved in .txt file

Picture 1.2: Sag – Tension report saved in .xlsx file

1. Basic report information such as report type, the data and time when report was made.
2. Geometrical and mechanical characteristics of the conductor:
  2.1. Conductor name – name of conductor. It is the name that the user enters when adding a conductor on power line (Add Conductor
*).
  2.2. Conductor type – model of conductor. Name of conductor that indicates what it is made of or from which manufacturer is produced (Add Conductor Data).
  2.3. Cross section – cross section of conductor expressed in [mm
2]. Geometrical conductor parameter (Add Conductor Data).
  2.4. Diameter – diameter of conductor expressed in [mm]. Geometrical conductor parameter (Add Conductor Data).
  2.5. Specific weight – weight per unit volume of conductor expressed in [N/cm
3]. Mechanical conductor parameter (Add Conductor Data).
  2.6. Specific weight with ice load – weight per unit volume of conductor plus weight per unit volume of ice expressed in [N/cm
3].
  2.7. Elastic modulus – resistance to being deformed elastically expressed in
[MPa]. Mechanical conductor parameter (Add Conductor Data).
  2.8. Temperature factor – the thermal motion of individual atoms in conductor expressed in [(10
-5) 1/C0]. Mechanical conductor parameter (Add Conductor Data).
  2.9. Nominal tensile stress – normal permissible conductor stress expressed in [MPa]. Mechanical conductor parameter (Add Conductor Data).
3. Characteristics of weather conditions:
  3.1. Ice load factor – factor of accumulated ice, which is usually with values from 1 to 5. Value may vary depending on the standards and regulations. The ice load factor is defined in Weather Conditions (Add Weather Conditions).
Additional note for ice load factor (please read and check your standard).
Some of standards define ice load factor depending on the temperature with value:
1, for the ambient temperature to -5[
0C],
1.6, for the ambient temperature from -5 [
0C] to -20 [0C],
2.5, for the ambient temperature from -20 [
0C] to -30 [0C] and
4, for the ambient temperature below -30 [
0C].
Some of standards define ice load factor depending on the thickness of the ice sheet with a density of 900 kg/m
3 where the ice load factor of:
1, is for the ice thickness of 10 [mm],
1.6, is for the ice thickness of 15 [mm],
2.5, is for the ice thickness of 20 [mm] and
5, is for the ice thickness of 30 [mm].
  3.2. Wind pressure – pressure of wind expressed in [Pa]. The wind pressure is defined in Weather Conditions and it is additional load on conductor (Add Weather Conditions).
4. Names of the supports between where the conductor is attached.
1 For more details where to define, read or preview values, look Power Path command written in brackets.
5. Mechanical calculation of the indicated conductor between two supports:
  5.1. Span length – the shortest horizontal distance between two supports.
  5.2. Ruling span – equivalent span or mean effective span, is an assumed uniform design span. Ruling span is used to determine tensile stress.
  5.3. Critical span – span where conductor tensile stress at -20
0C is the same as at -50C whit ice load.
  5.4. Critical temperature – temperature where catenary sag is equal to the sag at -5
0C with ice load.
  5.5. Maximal sag – point at ctenary where tangent is parallel with attachment point.
  5.6. Maximal sag at temperature – the temperature for which we measure the maximal sag.
6. Table of sags and tensions for different temperatures:
  6.1. Temperatures [
0C] – defined temperature range and step (Create Sag-Tension Report).
  6.2. Sags for defined phase expressed in [m] and tensions expressed in [MPa] – for a certain temperature, this value will be calculated.
7. Table of tension and sag for different loads:
  7.1. No additional load, wind load only, ice load only and wind and ice load – load on the conductor.
  7.2. Tension expressed in [MPa] and sag expressed in [m] – for a certain load, this value will be calculated.

*For more details where to define, read or preview values, look Power Path command written in brackets.

(2) Support Report, example:

Picture 2.1: Support report saved in .txt file

Picture 2.2: Support report saved in .xlsx file

1. Basic report information such as report type, the data and time when report was made.
2. Basic support information:
  2.1. Support – name of support. It is the name that the user enters when adding a support (Add Support).
  2.2. Type – type of support. Type can be tension and suspension (Add Support).
  2.3. Orientation – orientation of support relative to the x-axis expressed in [
0].
  2.4. Powerline direction change – value of angle between previous and forward power line direction according to the referent tension support expressed in [
0C].
  2.5. Wind span – distance from two adjacent catenary lowest points.
3. Table of basic information about conductor and relevant weather condition:
  3.1. Name – name of conductor. It is the name that the user enters when adding a conductor (Add Conductor).
  3.2. Model – model of conductor. (Add Conductor).
  3.3. Temperature – temperature of weather condition expressed in [
0C]. The temperature is defined in Weather Conditions (Add Weather Conditions).
  3.4. Ice load – weight per unit volume of ice expressed in [N/cm
3]. The ice load factor is defined in Weather Conditions (Add Weather Conditions).
  3.5. Wind pressure – pressure of wind on conductor expressed in [Pa]. The wind pressure is defined in Weather Conditions (Add Weather Conditions).
4. Table of basic information about ground wires and relevant weather condition (if user didn’t attach ground wires on power line, this table will be empty):

  4.1. Name – name of ground wire. It is the name that the user enters when
adding a ground wire (Add Ground Wire).
  4.2. Model – model of ground wire. (Add Ground Wire).
  4.3. Temperature – temperature of weather condition expressed in [0C]. The temperature is defined in Weather Conditions (Add Weather Conditions).
  4.4. Ice load – weight per unit volume of ice expressed in [N/cm3]. The ice load factor is defined in Weather Conditions (Add Weather Conditions).
  4.5. Wind pressure – pressure of wind on ground wire expressed in [Pa]. The wind pressure is defined in Weather Conditions (Add Weather Conditions).
5. Table of conductor loads on attachment points.
  5.1. Attachment point on support where the insulator is set:
    5.1.1. Name – name of attachment point. Each predefined support has
predefined attach points located at the front and back side of the support. (Add Support Data).
    5.1.2. Orientation – front or back side of support (Add Support Data).
  5.2. Cable includes:
    5.2.1. Name – name of cable (Add Conductor).
    5.2.2. Tension force – tension force on cable expressed in [N].
    5.2.3. Vx – tension force by x coordinate. Vx is horizontal forces on support in xaxis direction.
    5.2.4. Vy – tension force by y coordinate. Vy is horizontal forces on support in yaxis direction.
    5.2.5. Vz – tension force by z coordinate. Vz is vertical forces on support in z-axis direction.
6. Table of insulator loads on attachment points.
  6.1. Attachment point on support where the insulator is set:
    6.1.1. Name – name of attachment point (Add Support Data).
    6.1.2. Orientation – front or back side of support (Add Support Data).
  6.2. Insulator set on attachment point.
    6.2.1. Name – name of insulator (Add Insulator).
    6.2.2. Weight [kg]– insulator weight, predetermined for each insulator (Add Insulator Data).
7. Table of summed force on attachment point.
  7.1. Name – name of attachment point (Add Support Data).
  7.2. sum Vx – sum of all forces by x coordinate. Vx is horizontal forces on support in local x-axis direction.
  7.3. sum Vy – sum of all forces by y coordinate. Vx is horizontal forces on support in local y-axis direction.
  7.4. sum Vz – sum of all forces by z coordinate Vx is vertical forces on support in local z-axis direction.

 (3) Power Line Coordinates Report, example:

Picture 3.1: Power line coordinations report saved in .txt file

Picture 3.2: Power line coordinations report saved in .xlsx file


1. Basic report information such as report type, the data and time when it was made.
2. Support name – name of support. It is the name that the user enters when adding a support (Add Support).
3. Type – type of support. T represents tension support and S represents suspension support (Add Support).
4. X Coordinate – support position by x coordinate. X coordinate is coordinate of the global coordinates system.
5. Y Coordinate – support position by y coordinate. Y coordinate is coordinate of the global coordinates system.
6. Z Coordinate – support position by z coordinate. Z coordinate is coordinate of the global coordinates system.

Calculations (formulas and equations) in (1) Sag – Tension Report and (2) Support Report

(1) Sag – Tension Report

Catenary state equation
For medium spans:

Referent state is the state where conductor tensile stress has the maximum value. It can occur either at -20°C without additional load, or at -5°C with ice load.

Weather conditions
Additional catenary weight due to ice load at every 5 years:

Ice load factor/coefficient is usually with values from 1 to 5.
Additional note for ice load factor (read and check your standard).
Some of standards define ice load factor depending on the temperature with value:
1, for the ambient temperature to -5[°C],
1.6, for the ambient temperature from -5 [°C] to -20 [0°C],
2.5, for the ambient temperature from -20 [°C] to -30 [°C] and
4, for the ambient temperature below -30 [°C].
Some of standards define ice load factor depending on the thickness of the ice sheet with a density
of 900 kg/m3 where the ice load factor of:
1, is for the ice thickness of 10 [mm],
1.6, is for the ice thickness of 15 [mm],
2.5, is for the ice thickness of 20 [mm] and
5, is for the ice thickness of 30 [mm].

Critical span
Critical span is a span where conductor tensile stress at -20°C is the same as at -5°C with ice load.

Critical span can be used to determine referent state.

Tensile stress can be defined as:

B is not dependent on critical span.

Tensile stress equation can be solved iteratively.

 Maximal conductor sag

Maximal sag is defined at a point at catenary where tangent is parallel with attachment point.

Critical temperature
At critical temperature catenary sag is equal to the sag at -5°C with ice load.

Ruling span
To determine tensile stress ruling span is used.
In the catenary state equation span should be replaced by ruling span:

To determine referent state use ruling span instead of actual span to compare to the critical span.

 (2) Support Report

 Wind force on support cross-arm

 Wind force perpendicular to support cross-arm

 Force on support cross-arm

 Force on support perpendicular to cross-arm

 Weight span

Weight span is distance from two adjacent catenary lowest points.
Three cases of weight span:

 A) Both lowest points are at their respective spans

 B) One lowest point is in its respective span:

 C) Both lowest points are in their adjacent spans:
Vertical force on support B has negative value.

 Vertical force on support

For any additional questions please contact us at [email protected]

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